Bač a historical place

Bač, a historical place after which the entire extensive geographical region between the rivers Danube and Tisa was named Bačka, is located at 450 23' 31'' N and 190 52' 57'' W. The town spreads out across an alluvial terrace that has an elevation of 79-85 m (above the mean sea level).  A navigable  Karavukovo-Bački  Petrovac  canal  cuts  through  the  area,  being  a part  of  the  Danube-Tisa-Danube  hydro  system.  Bač is 61 km away from Novi Sad, 141 km from Belgrade and 300km from Budapest. Bač  is  the  center  of  a  municipality  that  bears  the  same  name, bounded by the Danube river on the west, which, at the same time, represents a natural state border with the Republic of Croatia.

Bač is one of small, underdeveloped and less densely populated municipalities in the Republic of Serbia. Bač municipality has 14,405 inhabitants and covers an area of 367 km2. Serbians are the ethnic majority in the Municipality, followed by Slovaks, Croatians/ Šokci, Hungarians, Romanians, Romani people, Bosniaks etc.  Aside from the Orthodox Christian community, population consists of Catholics, Evangelicals and Muslims. Highly productive agricultural land makes up 71,12% of the teritorry.

3.     Image of medieval surrounding of the fortified town of Bač formed trough archaeological excavations

Image of medieval surrounding of the fortified town of Bač, formed trough archaeological excavations, indicates that Bač had positive predisposition to become the core of a megalopolis during the Middle Ages. Locations of medieval settlements that are contemporary of the fortified town demonstrate correlation. Settlements were located along roads, but other possibility is that roads were defined by the positions of settlements. Most settlements were established on the banks of the Mostonga river and other smaller river flows in the area. Those settlements were forming a wider zone, bounded by the Danube river on the west. People who used to live within this area, enclosed by the Danube river, other smaller water flows and the Mostonga river, did not seize an opportunity to further develop this already built up and well connected area, due to unfavorable historical circumstances. If they had, today we would only rarely find a traces of the big medieval city under the radial boulevards connecting the Danube shore/port  with the center of the Bač megalopolis.

  1. Candle stick, bronze, cast, candle socket. On the outside, shaped as a hexagonal pyramid, conical on the inside. On two sides, longitudinal rectangular and round perforations. Height 42 mm, outside 23 mm, inner diameter 20 mm. 15th century. AS 885 b. Bač, Bač Fortress. The Museum of Vojvodina Novi Sad.
  2. Book cover casing. Bronze, cast, carved. Kite shaped, decorated with floral and geometrical motives. There is a lily in the corner. Supporting foot has 15 mm in diameter. Dimensions: 80 x 63 x 0.5 mm. Ti 57/03, 15th century.Bač, Bač Fortress. The Museum of Vojvodina Novi Sad.
  3. Stove tile fragment, fragmented representation of an angel. Visible part of the wings, round face, curly hair. Reddish baked earth, white, light brown and brown, light blue and blue and light green glazing. Dimensions 160 x 90 mm. Ti 49/04. Bač, Bač Fortress. The Museum of Vojvodina Novi Sad.
  4. Stove tile fragment, part of relief representation of a warrior in armor. Made of earth with addition of admixture (crushed stone particles, sand), baked lighter and darker gray and grayish black. Dimensions 45–75 x 115 mm. Thickness 7-8 mm. Ti 18/05. 18/05 Bač, Bač Fortress. The Museum of Vojvodina Novi Sad.
  5. Stove tile fragment, part of a profiled edge and inner surface with relief representing vegetable motifs shaped in Gothic manner and forming a latticework. Made of  lighter brown earth, baked red. Dimensions 135 x 20 mm and 95 mm. Thickness 9-23 mm. Ti 21/05.